1922 News and Interesting Tidbits

Creation Of The Italian National Fascist Party

Benito Mussolini establishes the Fascist Party in 1919, just 2 years later in 1922 they took over power in Italy and ruled until 1943.

This was the start of Benito Mussolini’s term as the new Italian premier. He received strong support from the Parliament at this time, and served in the premier position until 1943. Mussolini was a strong supporter of fascism, communism, as well as the Nazi Hitler regime.

The party promised they could take Italy back to the times of The Great Roman Empire and make Italy once more an important world power, and expanded the Italian colonies of Tripolitania, Cyrenaica, and Fezzan until they were formally unified into the colony of Italian Libya in 1934..

In 1936 they took control after much bloody fighting of Ethiopia but managed to alienate many of the world powers over the brutal war, leaving themselves with only one other country supporting them, Germany under the power of Hitler. This was possibly the main reason Italy joined the axis pact with Germany in 1936.

The party was dissolved following the arrest of Benito Mussolini in 1943 and is the only party whose reformation is explicitly banned by the Constitution of Italy

Mohandas K. Gandhi
Mohandas K. Gandhi a British educated lawyer, was sentenced to prison in India for civil disobedience after calling for mass civil disobedience which included boycotting British educational institutions and law courts, not working for the British controlled government and the boycott of foreign-made goods, especially British goods. In his many speeches he always emphasized that the USE OF VIOLENCE on both sides was wrong . He was sentenced to 6 years but released after 2 years.

Nineteenth Amendment To The Constitution
The Nineteenth Amendment To The Constitution was passed. The right of women to vote (as well as the right of women to engage in many other activities) was declared constitutional by all of the members of the U.S. Supreme Court. It took seventy years of fighting and petitioning to make this women’s suffrage legislation a reality. Women and men both were advocating equal rights for women as far back as in the early 19th Century.

Girl Scout Cookies
The history of Girl Scout Cookies goes back all the way to 1917 when Mistletoe Troop in Muskogee, Oklahoma baked cookies in the local high school cafeteria and sold them as a way of making money for their troop.

In 1922 an article was published in "The American Girl" magazine ( Girl Scouts Own Magazine ) giving a recipe for six- to seven-dozen cookies that would cost 5 cents per dozen to make and the Girl Scouts could then sell them for 25 cents per dozen making a good profit for the movement.

During World War II when rationing was in effect for sugar, flour, and butter the Girl Scouts had to change from cookies to Calenders .

At the end of the war they were licensing more and more local bakers to produce and package the cookies sold by girls in councils and the growth has continued and still provides the mainstay of income for Girl Scout Councils in the Unites States.

Establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Vladimir Lenin the Russian revolutionary who created Leninism, an extension of Marxist theory
proclaims the establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

Lower Louisiana Floods
10's of thousands lose their homes and starvation threatens victims of the overflow of flood waters in lower Louisiana with nearly 3,500 square miles underwater and fifty thousand people affected many losing their homes and all possessions

Lincoln Memorial Dedicated
The Lincoln Memorial built to honor Abraham Lincoln the 16th president of the United States, is dedicated by Former President William Howard Taft in Washington, D.C.

Airship Roma Crashes
The Italian built airship Roma crashed to the ground in Norfolk Virginia after the explosion of the hydrogen caused by the airship coming into contact with power lines turned the dirigible into a blazing inferno causing it to crash 1000 ft to the ground. Only a few survived the crash by jumping from the airship before it hit the power lines .

Insulin First Used in Humans
The first injection of Insulin ( called isletin originally ) on Leonard Thompson, a 14-year-old diabetic who lay dying at the Toronto General Hospital on 11th January 1922 caused a severe allergic reaction. For the next 12 days the biochemist James Collip worked to improve and purify the ox-pancreas extract and on the second injection bought the boy out of his coma and was a complete success.

The project had been a joint project with a team of four and when The Nobel Prize committee in 1923 credited the practical extraction of insulin to the team at the University of Toronto and awarded the Nobel Prize to Frederick Banting and J.J.R. Macleod for the discovery of insulin. Banting, shared his prize with Best, and Macleod immediately shared his with Collip. The patent for insulin was sold to the University of Toronto for one dollar and the drug firm Eli Lilly and Company were able to produce large quantities of highly refined, 'pure' insulin and Insulin was offered for sale shortly thereafter.

The Prohibition Department is to enforce the law making it illegal to manufacture beer or wine in the home for home use, this follows the supreme court that home brewing is illegal

A Bootlegging scheme where liquor is smuggled into the US from Bermuda is broken up when former submarine chaser ships with officers wearing the uniform of the United States Navy seize the ships, crew and liquor .

500 Mine Workers Charged of Treason
A total of 500 minors were charged of treason. By the end of May, a total of 52 indictment cases occurred in Logan County, West Virginia. One of the persons indicted was armed march leader William Blizzard. A total of 10,000 to 15,000 armed minors had taken over 500 square miles of this state in August of the previous year in support of a strike but better pay and conditions.

King Tut's Tomb Entered
The British archaeologist Lord Carnarvon and the American archaeologist Howard Carter enter King Tut's tomb which had been buried by the sands of the Egyptian desert for thousands of years believed to be the greatest archaeological discovery of our time both archaeologists die within 7 months of entering the Tomb which helped to perpetuate the myth of the ( Mummy's Curse ) .

Radio Installed In White House
President Warren G. Harding has a radio installed in the White House signaling it's increased use, acceptance in America.

Readers Digest launched
Reader's Digest a monthly general interest family magazine is started.
Reader's Digest is the best selling consumer magazine in the United States with a readership of over 30 million readers.

Louis Armstrong
Louis Armstrong Invited to Play with Creole Jazz Band

The late and great Louis Armstrong, who played with the Tuxedo Brass Band was invited to Chicago to play in the Creole Jazz Band. Armstrong received this honorable invite from his mentor Joe Oliver. Armstrong was from New Orleans,

Impact Of Henry Ford On The Price Of Cars
This is interesting because if you look at the price of the Chandler 6 in 1922 for $1595 and compare with the 1956 Plymouth Savoy for $1987 you realise just how much impact Henry Ford had on cars for the ordinary man

USS Langley First US Air Craft Carrier
The first aircraft carrier for the United States Navy is Commissioned " USS Langley " with a flight deck of 533 feet long and 64 feet wide. The Collier USS Jupiter was converted at the Navy Yard, Norfolk, Virginia, and fitted with a flight-deck and renamed The USS Langley.

The USS Langley served as a base for reconnaissance aircraft and a laboratory to develop new procedures for launching and recovering planes. The pilots who had learnt the art of taking off and landing on a moving ship provided the next two carriers, USS Lexington and USS Saratoga with well-trained and seasoned pilots.

Radio Installed In Progressive School
A radio is installed in a Van Oss, Oklahoma small-town school. A very progressive idea as radio was still not in every home this action opened up the opportunity for this particular district to here some of the latest radio shows.

The British Broadcasting Company is started
The British Broadcasting Company is started when the government licensed the UK's six major radio manufacturers to form the what is now known as the BBC. Funding was by a Post Office licence fee of 10 shillings, payable by anyone owning a receiver, with additional royalties from radio sales.

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