1963 News and Interesting Tidbits From History


James Meredith
James Meredith becomes the first African American to graduate from the University of Mississippi with a degree in Political Science, he had become the first black student at the University of Mississippi on On October 1, 1962, after having been turned down twice and with support from the then President of the United States John F. Kennedy who sent federal troops and U.S. Marshals to control riots that had broken out on the campus. Many see his enrollment and subsequent graduation as a pivotal moment in the history of civil rights in the United States.





The Great Train Robbery
The date of "The Great Train Robbery" in in Buckinghamshire, England when thieves held up a train carrying the Royal Mail and stole 120 mail sacks , the mail sacks contained cash and gems valued in excess of 7 Million.






President John F. Kennedy Assassinated
President John F. Kennedy is assassinated when he is shot by a sniper while riding in a motorcade through downtown Dallas. In film shown around the world Jackie Kennedy was seen cradled her dying husband as the limousine sped to the emergency room at Parkland Hospital. Lee Harvey Oswold was later arrested for the murder but is shot shortly after by nightclub owner Jack Ruby. November 22nd 1963



Lee Harvey Oswald, the alleged assassin of President John F. Kennedy, is shot to death by Jack Ruby, a Dallas nightclub owner.





John F. Kennedy Timeline Some Could Well Be Related to his Assassination
Some May Not Be
You Decide!!!!


January 20, 1961 John F. Kennedy elected President Of The United States

January 20, 1961 John F. Kennedy appoints Robert Kennedy as United States Attorney General

March 19th 1961 President John F. Kennedy and six Latin American presidents pledged to fight Communism

March 1961, Robert Kennedy as United States Attorney General took steps to deport Carlos Marcello to Guatemala (the country Marcello had falsely listed as his birthplace).

April 17 – 19, 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion
Unsuccessful attempted invasion by armed Cuban exiles funded by the United States, in an attempt to overthrow the government of Fidel Castro,

March, 1961 Kennedy is quoted as saying that "Something very bad is going on within the CIA and I want to know what it is. I want to shred the CIA into a thousand pieces and scatter them to the four winds."

October 15, 1962, United States reconnaissance photographs reveal missile bases being built in Cuba, and President John F. Kennedy begins blockade of Cuba taking America to the brink of war before the Soviet Union agrees to dismantle the missiles in Cuba.


June 26th 1963 President Kennedy visited West Berlin, where he made his famous declaration: "Ich bin ein Berliner" (I am a Berliner) at the Berlin Wall.

August 24th 1963 President Kennedy gave tacit approval for a coup against Pres. Ngo Dinh Diem of South Vietnam. Diem was killed Nov 2.

September 10th 1963 President John F. Kennedy federalized Alabama's National Guard to prevent Governor George C. Wallace from using guardsmen to stop public-school desegregation

September 27th 1963 Lee Harvey Oswald visited the Cuban consulate in Mexico


October 14th 1963 Lee Harvey Oswald started working a seasonal, full-time job at the Texas School Book Depository as a $1.25/hour manual laborer

October 25th 1963 Anti-Kennedy "WANTED FOR TREASON" pamphlets found scattered in Dallas

November 2nd, 1963, South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem and his brother were assassinated in a military coup

November 12th , 1963, James P. Hosty Jr., FBI agent, is tracking Lee Harvey Oswald for counterintelligence purposes

November 19th , 1963, The motorcade route that President Kennedy was to travel was described in both Dallas newspapers on November 19, 1963, and a map of the route was published on November 21, 1963.

November 22nd , 1963 12:30 p.m, John F. Kennedy was fatally wounded by gunshots fired from Texas School Book Depository while riding with his wife Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis in a Presidential Motorcade in Dallas, Texas.

November 22nd , 1963 1:15 p.m, Dallas police officer J.D. Tippit is shot by Oswald when he called Oswald over for questioning.


November 22nd, 1963 2 p.m. Dallas police arrest Lee Harvey Oswald as the suspected assassin

November 22nd, 1963 2:38 p.m. Vice-President Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as the 36th President of the United States.

November 22nd, 1963 New Orleans mob boss Carlos Marcello is acquitted. He was prosecuted by Bobby Kennedy and Bobby later said that Marcello was behind the murder of JFK

November 24th, 1963 Jack Ruby suspected of being linked to organized crime shoots and kills Lee Harvey Oswald while authorities were preparing to transfer Oswald by car from police headquarters to the nearby county jail.

November 25th, 1963 President John F. Kennedy is buried at Arlington National Cemetery

November 29th, 1963 President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Chief Justice Earl Warren head of a commission to investigate the assassination of John F. Kennedy.


September 24th, 1964 The Warren Commission concludes that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone in the killing of President John F. Kennedy


Criminal conspiracy theories over the last 40 years have ranged from involving parties such as the Federal Reserve, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the KGB, the Mafia, Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) director J. Edgar Hoover, Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson, Fidel Castro, Cuban exile groups opposed to the Castro government and the military and/or government interests of the United States.

Conspiracy theories also involve the number of bullets fired and the number of bullets found in the president during autopsy.










Trains Driving Themselves London Underground
The first of a new generation of trains that drive themselves not needing a driver but controlled by computers which are controlled by picking up signals from coded electrical impulses from the rails and signaling areas and give them the intelligence to start, accelerate, coast or slow down automatically are to be used on London Underground. An operator will still be on-duty aboard the train in the drivers cabin to survey opening and closing doors and to take charge of the train if any of the electrics fail during a journey.








Korea Civilian Rule
The United States made the decision to support the return of civilian rule in Korea. This action was taken on the grounds that the military junta structure now present in Korea could lead to the continued de-stabilization of that country’s political system (government).








Typhoon Olive
Typhoon Olive with 110MPH Winds destroyed 95% of the homes on the Island of Saipan and all electric power and telephones were down , there were no reported deaths but most of the population of the Island are now homeless








Gideon v. Wainwright Supreme Court Ruling
Clarence Gideon was arrested and charged with breaking into a poolroom in Florida in 1961 and the case managed to change one the chief principles of American criminal justice . In Gideon v. Wainwright, in the Supreme Court in 1963 it was ruled that a fair trial "cannot be realized if the poor man charged with [the] crime has to face his accusers without a lawyer to assist him." . The ruling ensures that every criminal suspect is entitled to representation by a lawyer.








Organisation of African Unity OAU Created
African states unite to create the Organisation of African Unity / OAU to "decolonise" the remaining bastions of white rule in South Africa, Southern Rhodesia, Mozambique and Angola with any and all means possible including providing African "freedom fighters" with finance, arms, volunteers and training bases.








The Profumo Affair
Commonly Known as "The Profumo Affair"
British Secretary of War John Profumo resigns following revelations that he had lied to the House of Commons about his sexual affair with Christine Keeler, who was also involved with Yevgeny "Eugene" Ivanov, a Soviet naval attache who some suspected was a spy.
The British Secretary of State for War, John Profumo, has denied any impropriety with the model, Christine Keeler.

Later in June John Profumo did admit to having an affair with Christine Keeler and resigned from his post as British Secretary of State for War

The Profumo affair as it was known in Britain was a major news story because Christine Keeler was linked to Soviet Intelligence due to her affair with Captain Eugene Ivanov, a naval attaché at the Russian Embassy.








I Have A Dream Speech
One of the most well known of the great Martin Luther King Speeches

The Speech was given during the March On Washington in 1963




Martin Luther King Jr - I have a dream speech











The Beatles Please Please Me Album Released
The Beatles record their first album Please Please Me at the Abbey Road Studios which is released on 22 March which helped to create the phenomenon known as Beatlemania. Each one of The Beatles received seven pounds and ten shillings (£7.50) session fee for each three hour session making a total £30.00 as full payment for the recording session of 9 hours and 45 minutes

The Beatles' first album, "Please Please Me," is released following the success of the singles "Please Please Me" and "Love Me Do" earlier in Great Britain.


The Songs included on the original album included



Please Please Me

Do You Want to Know a Secret

I Saw Her Standing There

Twist and Shout

Love Me Do

Anna

Ask Me Why

A Taste of Honey

Baby It's You

Boys

Chains

Misery

P.S. I Love You

There's a Place





Most of the songs from the "Please Please Me" album were released in the US in 1964 on Vee-Jay Records label "Introducing The Beatles".








Alcatraz Closes
Alcatraz federal penitentiary known as "The Rock" was a prison based on a small island located in the middle of San Francisco Bay in California, United States. It was designed to be the most secure prison in the world and in its 29 years of operation from 1934 - 1963, the penitentiary logged no prisoners as having ever successfully escaped.










The Hot Line Between US and Soviet Union Established
To lessen the threat of an accidental nuclear war, the United States and the Soviet Union agree to establish a "hot line" communication system between the two nations








Earthquake Strikes City Of Skopje, Yugoslavia
Skopje, Yugoslavia's 4th largest city was struck by an earthquake which reduced the city to ruins. It is estimated many thousands died as 80% of the city was left in ruins.









Moors Murderers
The infamous moors murderers begin their killing spree when 16 yr old Pauline Reade is abducted by Ian Brady and Myra Hindley, the so-called "Moors Murderers," launching a series of cruel murders lasting over two years.






Register To Vote Birmingham, Alabama
Police break up walk to city hall to register to vote in Birmingham Alabama and arrested the first 15 Negroes in the walk to the county courthouse








Nuclear-powered submarine USS Thresher
The Nuclear-powered submarine USS Thresher and her crew of 129 was lost at sea in the Atlantic Ocean some 220 miles off Cape Cod, Mass.








Tuna Botulism
A food poisoning warning was said to have already affected six major cities such as New York, Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, Pittsburg, and Augusta. The tuna had been recalled after testing had been done, indicating that a Type E botulism did exist.








Berlin Wall Opened For 1 Day Passes
The Berlin Wall is opened for the first time to West Berliners, who were allowed one-day visits to relatives in East Berlin for the holidays








President John F. Kennedy “Ich bin ein Berliner”
President John F. Kennedy expresses solidarity with democratic German citizens in a speech in front of the Berlin Wall that separated Berlin into west Berlin and East Berlin, he declared to the crowd, “Ich bin ein Berliner” or “I am also a citizen of Berlin.”









Kenya Independence
Kenya gained its independence from Britain and the Kenya African National Union (KANU) headed by Jomo Kenyatta takes over the country.







Studebaker Production Ends
The last American made Studebaker is produced, and the factory in South Bend, Indiana, is closed








Polio Vaccine
In one of the biggest undertakings in history against Polio the Sabin oral Polio Vaccine which is taken with a lump of sugar will commence countrywide tomorrow , the vaccine must be kept refrigerated prior to use and requires 6 doses to provide full immunization against the deadly disease.








ZIp Code Introduced
The US Post Office instituted the Zip Code asking everyone to use their Zip Codes on return addresses after the name of city and state when ever possible to help speed the process of mail delivery







George Wallace
George Wallace takes over as governor of Arkansas. His main motto for his campaign and the way he would run the state was, “Segregation Forever.”










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