1935 News and History Tidbits






Social Security Bill Signed Providing Unemployment Benefit
Following the huge unemployment and suffering during the Depression President Roosevelt signed the social security bill providing unemployment compensation and pensions for the elderly.









Franklin D. Roosevelt's "New Deal"
As part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's "New Deal" For getting America out of The great depression of the 30's , The Emergency Relief Appropriation Act creates The WPA or Works Progress Administration for creating government jobs working on major infrastructure projects for some of the nation's many unemployed. The WPA employed more than 8.5 million persons on 1.4 million public projects before it was disbanded in 1943








Germany Breaks Treaty of Versailles
Adolf Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles by introducing compulsory military conscription in Germany and rebuilding German armed forces. This included a new Navy (Kriegsmarine), the first full armoured divisions (Panzerwaffe) and an Air Force (Luftwaffe).








Persia Becomes Iran
Persia Changes its name to Iran in 1935








Luftwaffe Established
Nazi leader Adolf Hitler signs a secret decree authorizing the founding of the Reich Luftwaffe as a third German military service to join the Reich army and navy.








First Orange Bowl
The First Orange Bowl Game between Bucknell University and University of Miami









Babe Ruth final home run
Babe Ruth hit the 714th and final home run of his career at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh while playing for the Boston Braves against the Pittsburgh Pirates. Shortly afterwards he announced his retirement.









Earthquake hits Northwestern India
At 3AM an earthquake hits Northwestern India leaving an estimated 20,000 people dead in Quetta. Among the dead were 44 members of the Royal Air Force. The Punjab government was quick to send relief in the form of relief supplies, workers, and health professionals. While railways suffered minimal damage, many heavily populated areas were greatly destroyed.









Dustbowl Years "Black Sunday"
Twenty of the worst "Dustbowl Storms" that occurred throughout the Dust Bowl years happen on a single day often referred to as "Black Sunday" which turned day into night. Witnesses reported that they could not see five feet in front of them at certain points and the storms travelled thousands of miles across the country dumping the black mess wherever they went.



It should be remembered that these storms did not look like a normal dust storm as they were black and given nicknames like "Black Dark Blizzards" and "Black Rollers" because visibility was reduced to a few feet.



The Dust Bowl years were caused by misuse of land through intensive farming with little thought of soil conservation and years of sustained drought causing millions of acres of farmland to become useless, and hundreds of thousands forced to leave their homes looking for food and work.



Following "Black Sunday" US Congress establishes the Soil Conservation Service in the Department of Agriculture. The SCS developed extensive conservation programs that helped to retain topsoil and prevent irreparable damage to the land the techniques included strip cropping, terracing, crop rotation, contour plowing, and cover crops and farmers were paid to practice soil-conserving farming techniques.









New Jersey Taxes
State legislators including Governor Harold G. Hoffman from New Jersey are pushing for a 2% sales tax and also advocated a local personal income tax for all residents.









Alcoholics Anonymous Started
In New York City, two recovering alcoholics, found Alcoholics Anonymous (A.A.), a 12-step rehabilitation program that eventually helps countless people cope with alcoholism.










USS Macon Rigid Frame Airship
The 785-foot USS Macon a rigid frame airship built and operated by the United States Navy for scouting was the last US Navy dirigible (ZRS-5) built, it crashed off the coast of California, killing two people. Her sister ship the USS Akron (ZRS-4) had crashed off the New Jersey coast on April 4, 1933, killing 73 passengers and crew.

The USS Macon (ZRS-5) and sister ship USS Akron (ZRS-4), were among the biggest flying objects in the world. Although the Hindenburg was bigger, the two airships still hold the world record for biggest helium filled airships. Due to the crashes The US navy halted temporarily building further helium filled airships.









1,200,000 Face Starvation in Illinois
Over 1,200,000 people face starvation in Illinois if the US Federal Government stops providing new deal funding, the reason is that the state must provide $3,000,000 of the $12,000,000 required each month to feed and house the unemployed indigents or the federal government withdraws it's funding and the state does not have the money and is not providing that funding.








First Pacific Airmail Delivery
The China Clipper took off from San Francisco, California on its way to Manila, Philippines in the first Pacific Airmail delivery.









Jesse Owens
The Great Jesse Owens broke three world records at the Big Ten meet in Ann Arbor, Michigan including broad jump, the 220-yard dash and the low hurdles.









Penguin Paperbacks Established
The first Penguin paperback book costing 6d is published in England and started the paperback revolution, many believed it would not be profitable but following the purchase of 63,000 books by Woolworth and popularity of the cheap reading material within 12 months one million Penguin books are sold.








Denmark offers choice prison / surgical castration for sex offences
Denmark gave sex offenders a choice between prison or surgical castration.
In later studies it was found that surgical castration was effective in reducing the sex drives of sexual offenders, with a repeat offence rate of 2.2% - 6% compared with offenders who are not castrated up to 50% repeat offence rate.










Compulsory Driving Test introduced in England
Compulsory Driving Test is introduced for all drivers in England who started driving on or after 1 Apr 1934, A voluntary test was introduced by the Road Traffic Act in 1934 and the first person in Britain to take the test and pass his driving test is Mr J Beene which cost 7 shillings and 6 pence. All drivers buying a temporary driving licence must now put ‘L’ plates on the car and take a driving test to get their full licence.








First Jazz Concert Carnegie Hall
The first jazz concert takes place at Carnegie Hall in New York City. This first jazz presentation was presented by Benny Goodman and orchestra.








First Cans Of Beer Go On Sale
The first canned beer goes on sale to the general public.











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