1960 News and Interesting History Tidbits

Jodrell Bank Sets Record
The British radio telescope at Jodrell Bank in Cheshire sets a new record when it makes contact with the American Pioneer V satellite at a distance of 407,000 miles.

Central African Republic Gains Independence
Central African Republic Gains Independence From France in 1960

South Africa Sharpeville Massacre
Afrikaner police open fire on a group of unarmed black South African demonstrators in the black township of Sharpeville, near Johannesburg, South Africa, killing 69 people and wounding 180 in a hail of submachine-gun fire

Benin in Africa gains independence
Benin in Africa gains independence from France in 1960

Worlds First Woman Prime Minister Elected
Ceylon has chosen the world's first women prime minister ( Mrs Sirimavo Bandaranaike ) the wife of the murdered former prime minister Solomon Bandaranaike ( Sri Lanka Freedom Party )

Earthquake Lar in Iran
A large earthquake has flattened the city of Lar in Iran with an estimated 400 deaths and another 450 seriously wounded

Earthquake destroys Agadir, Morroco
An earthquake centered on Agadir, Morroco lasts just 15 seconds but totally destroys the town and leaves 15,000 dead. The earthquake is only a 5.7 magnitude but due to the type of buildings the destruction was devastating.

Earthquake Valdivia, Chile
An 8.5-magnitude quake hits Valdivia, Chile. The earthquake caused huge landslides to fall down the mountains of the region, as well as a series of tsunamis including a 26-foot wave which strikes the coastal region of Chile. The quake and after affects including the giant wave leaves 5,000 people dead and another 2 million homeless.

American U–2 spy plane Shot Down By Soviets
An American U–2 spy plane ( covert surveillance aircraft ) is shot down over the Soviet Union near Sverdlovsk. The Soviet Union captured the pilot Gary Powers and prompted continuing deterioration in relations between the US and the Soviet Union.

The pilot Gary Powers pleaded guilty of espionage in a Soviet Court and was convicted in August and sentenced to 3 years imprisonment and 7 years of hard labor, but is exchanged for the Russian Spy Rudolf Abel on February 10, 1962.

First Playboy Club Opens In Chicago
Hugh Hefner opens his first Playboy club in Chicago featuring Playboy Bunnies serving drinks to customers who had to be a keyholder member by paying $25.00 per year membership.
In it's heyday Playboy had 30 clubs in the US and 8 international clubs including the Playboy Casino in Park Lane, London which was the most profitable casino in the world.

Olympic Games 1960
The Summer Olympic Games of the XVII Olympiad are held in Rome, Italy

The Olympic Games are shown around the world with Worldwide TV Coverage for the first time.

Cassius Clay ( Muhammad Ali ) , won boxing's light-heavyweight gold medal before he went on to become world heavyweight boxing champion

This is also the first time the Paralympics is held for athletes with physical, mental and censorial disabilities after the Summer Olympic Games is ended, the games evolved from the original Stoke Mandeville Games which were started as a sports competition in 1948 for World War II veterans with spinal cord injuries.

Cities who bid to host the Olympic Games must include the Paralympic Games in their bid, and typically both Games are now run by a single organizing committee.

Togo Gains Independence
Togo in Africa Gains independence from France in 1960 ( was called the French territory of Togoland )

Food Shortages in East Germany Leads To Construction of Berlin Wall
Following major food shortages in East Berlin over 150,000 refugees flee to west Berlin . Following the crisis Nikita Khrushchev orders the construction of the Berlin Wall to keep East Germans in and West Germans out.

Ban The Bomb March
Tens of thousands of people joined the Aldermaston "ban the bomb" March organized by Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) that ended with a rally in Trafalgar Square, London, England with an estimated 60,000 - 100,000 present.

Chad Gains Independence
Chad in Africa Gains Independence from France in 1960

Brazil New Capital Brasilia
Brazil inaugurated its new capital, Brasilia, transferring the seat of national government from Rio de Janeiro.

Mauritania in Africa Gains Independence
Mauritania in Africa Gains Independence From France in 1960

The Flintstones
The Flintstones was the first prime time cartoon geared for adults, the show originally aired from 1960 to 1966 and was based around

Fred, Wilma and Pebbles The Flintstones
Dino - The Flintstones' pet dinosaur and Baby Puss - The Flintstones' pet sabertoothed cat.

Barney, Betty and Bamm-Bamm The Rubbles
Hoppy - The Rubbles' pet Hopparoo (a kangaroo/dinosaur combination creature)

and based in the town of Bedrock in the Stone Age era.

It became the longest running cartoon series until it was overtaken by the Simpsons in 1997

Cote D'Ivore Gains Independence
Cote D'Ivore a country in Africa Gains Independence from France in 1960

Fourth Atomic Power
France becomes the fourth atomic power after exploding an atomic bomb in the Sahara Desert

Princess Margaret Marries
Princess Margaret married Antony Armstrong Jones in a royal wedding at Westminster Abbey with thousands lining the streets of London hoping to catch sight of the royal couple.

Loch Ness Monster
Scottish Parliament met in order to discuss the alleged existence of the Loch Ness Monster and if it did exist to protect it.

Coronation Street Soap premieres on ITV
The first episode of "Coronation Street" based in Weatherfield, a fictional town in Greater Manchester is broadcast. Coronation Street is the longest running TV soap opera in the world, made by Granada Television.

Lady Chatterley's Lover
Lady Chatterley's Lover which has been banned in England and the US since it's publication in 1928 and which Penguin fought and won the right in a well publicised trial last month to publish the book in paperback 30 years later. It sold out of 200,000 copies on it's first day. DH Lawrence's sexually explicit novel was published in Italy in 1928 and in Paris the following year but has been banned in the UK till now it became available this morning in paperback for 3s 6d. ( about 17p in todays money )

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