1951 News and Interesting History Tidbits

Seoul Recaptured
Seoul had been captured by communist forces on January 4, 1951 and on 14th March United Nations forces recapture Seoul during the Korean War.

22nd amendment to the Constitution
The 22nd amendment to the Constitution changes the law so no man or woman may serve more than ten years ( two terms ) of office as the president of the United States..

Witchcraft Act 1735 Replaced With The Fraudulent Mediums Act 1951
The British Witchcraft Act of 1735 is replaced with the Fraudulent Mediums Act 1951.

This would not be important except that during World War II Helen Duncan a Scottish spiritualist in Portsmouth is jailed under the Witchcraft Act 1735 on the grounds that she had "pretended" to summon spirits after she told an audience she had been contacted by a sailor of HMS Barham about the ship being sunk but the general public had not been informed. Many believe she was found guilty and jailed on the request of intelligence officers who feared she would tell people about the planned D-Day Invasion.

Lonely Hearts Killers
The Lonely Hearts killers, were executed in Sing Sing Prison's electric chair. They had deceived lonely widows to gain access to their money when Fernandez seduced the women and then stole their possessions.

Lake District National Park In England
Lake District National Park Established in Cumbria, England was created in 1951 which includes the lakes which it was named for and is also one of England's few mountainous regions caused during periods of glaciation.
Some of the largest and most important lakes of the 14 included in The Lake District include

Coniston Water
Rydal Water

Serengeti National Park Established
The Serengeti National Park in Tanzania was established in 1951 covering 14,763km² of grassland plains and savanna as well as forest and woodlands, is a large national park in Serengeti area, Tanzania.

Due to the conservation efforts back in 1951 visitors can still see lion, leopard, elephant, rhinoceros, buffalo, cheetah, gazelle and giraffe as well as a large and varied bird population in their natural environment . Due to it's importance it is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Santa Claus Banned in Hungary
Santa Claus and angels were banned in Hungary at Christmas this year. Pictures of tractors holding gifts would replace Santa Claus and his elves. It was not entirely clear why communist officials became so provoked at Saint Nick, but it seems that they could use some of his generosity.

Rosenberg's Trial
At the end of the trial against the Rosenberg's for giving the secrets to the Atomic Bomb to the Soviet Union, death sentences are imposed against Julius and Ethel Rosenberg when found guilty of conspiring to transmit atomic secrets to the Soviet Union.

British submarine "Affray" Lost At Sea
The crew of the British submarine "Affray" are lost when the Affray was sinks in 300ft of water 46 miles south of Portland.

Festival of Britain Opens In London
The Festival of Britain is opened at the Royal Festival Hall by King George VI. The festival marks the centenary of the Great Exhibition of 1851.

Macy's / Gimbals Price War
The two biggest retailers in New York City are planning to go head to head with an old fashioned price war Macy's the worlds largest department store and Gimbals who have said they will not be undersold. Macy's has stated they will cut 6% off of a quarter of it's products throughout the store.

Iran Nationalizes Oil Fields
The Iranian government has voted to nationalize the countries oil fields which will be taken over from Anglo Iranian Co immediately and transferred to Government Ownership to ensure the wealth created from the nations reserves is used for the Iranian People.

President Truman fires General Douglas MacArthur
President Harry S Truman fires General Douglas MacArthur as commander of United Nations and US forces in the Far East following General Douglas MacArthur public statements calling for an attack on mainland China unless Communist forces laid down their arms in Korea.

The Broker Commuter Train Crash New Jersey
A commuter train, The Broker, derailed off a temporary trestle and slid down an embankment in Woodbridge, New Jersey, killing 85 and injuring many more.

Direct Dial Calling Introduced
Direct-dial, coast-to-coast telephone services begin as Mayor M. Leslie Denning of Englewood, New Jersey, called his counterpart in Alameda, California

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