Nevada Legalizes Gambling
Nevada Senate voted to legalize all forms of gambling in the state providing the impetus for the growth of Las Vegas .
Work On The Boulder Dam Started
The work on the Boulder Dam was started after having been approved in 1928 and when completed it will be the worlds tallest dam at over 700 ft. The dams mission is not only to provide flood control but also to supply irrigation and domestic water needs and to provide silt control for the Colorado river. The cost will be met long term through the production of Hydro Electric Power.
San Francisco Bay Bridge
President Hoover signed a bill that authorizes the state of California to build the San Francisco Bay bridge across San Francisco Bay.
The Star-Spangled Banner
After over a century, a poem written by Francis Scott Key was finally established as the U.S. National Anthem. The lyrics of this song were written on September 14, 1814, while Key observed the British invasion of Fort Mc Henry, a war zone located in Maryland, USA. “The Star-Spangled Banner” composition was inspired by a flag that remained standing, even after several hundred bombings occurred.
Australia Gains Independence
Australia Gains Independence from Great Britain in 1931
Last Great Hunt For Tasmanian Tigers
An expedition has left to find if any Tasmanian Tigers ( Tasmanian Marsupial Wolf ) are left, it is believed they have retreated to rugged western and south western parts of Australia as a last stand for the species but many believe they are already extinct.
King Alfonso XIII
The Second Spanish Republic is proclaimed forcing King Alfonso XIII of Spain leaves Spain, he lived in Exile in Rome but did not abdicate the throne.
Ford Model A Production Ends
Ford produces the last Ford Model A and discontinues production and closes the factory to retool ready for the Ford V8 which is planned for production starting in April 1932
Rolls-Royce buys Bentley
The worlds most recognized luxury car makers combine when Rolls-Royce buys Bentley
Allstate founded as part of Sears, Roebuck and Company.
Allstate Insurance Group is founded as part of Sears, Roebuck and Company and provides Employees with group life insurance.
Boris Karloff Big Break
The part for Frankenstein was originally cast for "Bela Lugosi" but he turned the part down so Boris Karloff Got the part.
The Yellow River or Huang He Floods
The Yellow River or Huang He in China is the sixth longest river in the world. In 1931 The Yellow River or Huang He floods cause one of the deadliest natural disasters in the modern world killing 1,000,000 to 4,000,000 people iether through drowning, disease, ensuing famines, and droughts.
Earthquake Napier New Zealand
A major earthquake and fire devastated the city of Napier in New Zealand and surrounding towns and villages
and the city is still ablaze and virtually helpless with local hospitals also burned to the ground and 10,000
major injuries. The death toll is expected to reach many hundreds when rescuers can get into the collapsed buildings. Local inhabitants are planning to sleep on the beach as this appears to be the only safe place currently
Sir Malcolm Campbell
Sir Malcolm Campbell has bought his bluebird racing machine to Daytona Beach for an attempt on the world land speed record of 231 MPH . In an unofficial test he achieved 240 MPH so is confident of breaking the record . He went on to break the record on February 5, 1931 at Daytona Beach, USA with Blue Bird achieving 253.96 MPH
The First Childrens Radio Serial
The first radio serial for children ( Little Orphan Annie ) is transmitted in 1931 and draws a huge following
Chicago Tunnel Explosion
10 men killed in Chicago tunnel Explosion and fire, the cause of the explosion was spontaneous combustion and is the worst underground disaster in Chicago History
Chicago Has No Money To Pay Teachers
In the city of Chicago which has one of the most modern Opera Houses in the US, can not pay it's 14,000 teachers their salaries due to running out of money , School payrolls have now not been paid for 2 months and many of the teachers are facing severe hardship including losing their homes. School boards have no money because property owners are behind with their payments due to large numbers being unemployed.
Religious Movement "Bible Students" changed to "Jehovah's Witnesses"
Bible Students founded in the late 1870s
Bible Students / Watchtower Society changed to "Jehovah's Witnesses" 1931.
George Washington Bridge
The George Washington Bridge was opened to traffic , connecting the states of New York and New Jersey.
Prices and Wages Go Down In 1931
Following the Stock Market crash in 1929 and the start of the Great Depression Studies revealed that prices of consumer goods had dropped an estimated 17 percent from the previous year. Studies were conducted for the previous year from October to October. This study was done by the Department of Labor.
A further survey of Employers has revealed that those companies who are surviving since the stock market crash have drastically cut their work force and implemented wide ranging pay cuts amongst those employees who still have jobs by up to 40%
Britain, Denmark, Finland and Japan Abandon Gold Standard
The British government along with a number of other countries abandon the Gold Standard.
In 1933 the United States also abandon the Gold Standard and other countries around the world follow suit.
Scarface Al Capone
Scarface Al Capone well known gangster is found guilty of income tax evasion. One week later he was sentenced to 11 years in prison and a fine of $50,000.
Mahatma Ghandi leads the boycott of foreign goods in India but agrees to end the campaign in return for further talks in London to discuss More Independence for India.
The Bendex Trophy Air Race
The Bendix Trophy with a prize of $15,000 starts. It was an aeronautical racing trophy for a race from Burbank, California, to Cleveland, Ohio, sponsored by industrialist Vincent Bendix founder of Bendix Corporation. The last race was flown in 1962.
New Round The World Record Set
Wiley Post and his navigator, Harold Gatty, took off for a round the world flight in the single-engine airplane, the "Winnie Mae." from Roosevelt Field, New York. they arrived back at Roosevelt Field on July 1, completing the trip with a record time of eight days, 15 hours and 51 minutes.
1930 Previous Year ---- ( Current Year Is 1931 ) ---- Following Year 1932