Following the murder of 32 German soldiers by Italian Resistance in Rome, Italy, Nazi execute 300 civilians. Just three months later the allied troops took back Rome on June 4th 1944.
Fight for Equal Teacher’s Pay
A decision is made by the North Carolina Board of Education to equalize teacher’s pay. The equal pay for teachers in North Carolina was that both black and white teachers should receive equal pay. This was a resolution ignited by a promise made ten years prior to this time
Executive Order 9066
The US Supreme Court upholds Executive Order 9066, the relocation of Japanese Americans . Approximately 120,000 Japanese Americans were effected by this ruling and were sent to War Relocation Centers in remote areas of the US
Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
A fire breaks out under the big top of the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus, killing 167 people and injuring 682 in Hartford, Connecticut .
Academy Awards On TV For the First Time
The Academy Awards are presented as part of a televised variety show with Jack Benny as master of ceremonies for the event.
500 Rail Passengers Suffocate
A train stops in a tunnel near Salerno in the Apennine Mountains, and more than 500 people on board suffocate and die due to toxic carbon monoxide fumes.
GI Bill Signed Into Law
Serviceman's Readjustment Act of 1944 ( GI Bill of Rights ) is passed by Congress.
The bill provided a number of provisions for servicemen when they returned from World War II including.
(a) Pay for a G.I.'s further education tuition plus a living allowance at colleges and vocational schools when returning home
(b) Provide former servicemen with $20 a week for 52 weeks while they were looking for work ( known as the 52–20 clause )
(c) Low interest, zero down payment home loans for servicemen
D-Day Allied Invasion of France
The British Broadcasting Corp. aired the coded message from the first line of a poem by Paul Verlaine to underground resistance fighters in France to inform the French resistance that the D-Day invasion was imminent.
6th June 1944 : Dwight D. Eisenhower, commander of Allied Expeditionary Forces in World War II gives the go-ahead for a massive invasion of Europe called Operation Overlord / D-Day by British, Canadian and American forces and thousands of Allied troops land on the beaches of Normandy in northern France
Assassination Attempt on Hitler
Adolf Hitler and 12 of his military and naval leaders were injured when a bomb exploded during a meeting at Hitler's headquarters in an assassination attempt on Hitler.
Anne Frank Captured
The Nazi Gestapo captures 15-year-old Jewish diarist Anne Frank and her family in a sealed-off area of an Amsterdam warehouse
Allied Prisoners of War Freed in France
Following the liberation of France, In Sarreguemines, France one thousand allied soldiers who had been German captives became free as the 39th division stormed their prison. The liberated group included Russian, Polish, Italian, Serbian, and Yugoslavian soldiers who smiled at their new liberty.
Battle of the Bulge
The Battle of the Bulge during World War II began as German forces launched a surprise counterattack against Allied forces at Ardennes Belgium .
The Battle of the Bulge was the bloodiest of the battles that U.S. forces experienced in World War II with over 19,000 American soldiers killed
The Germans mount a series of counter attacks and are attacking with paratroops, tanks and aircraft along the 70-mile front guarded by American forces in the Ardennes region with some success allowing them to re cross the borders of Luxembourg and Belgium
V1 rockets / Doodlebugs On London
Germany launches hundreds of its new V1 rockets doodlebugs which were pilot less, jet-propelled planes capable of unleashing a ton of cruise missile explosives against Britain. Over time the Germans increased the number of doodlebugs to nearly 100 per day which fell over London
Glenn Miller is Killed
Glenn Miller one of the best selling recording artists of his time is killed when his U.S. Army plane disappeared over the English Channel.
Some of his most popular recordings include, "In the Mood", "Tuxedo Junction", "Chattanooga Choo Choo", "Moonlight Serenade", "Little Brown Jug", and "Pennsylvania 6-5000".
Prime Minister Mackenzie King called for the conscription of 16,000 more men and this stirred up resentment and opposition in Quebec. However, in World War II there were more French Canadian soldiers than in World War I.
Mass Bombing By Allies on Germany
The U.S. 8th and 15th Air Force plus the RAF pummeled Germany in the biggest fighting force that was ever put in the air. Britain had 1,000 bombers and 800 fighters who bombed railways and other targets in Germany.
The United States Army and Navy ruled that there would be no court marshal for Rear Admiral Husband E. Kimmel. Kimmel was on board as commander at the time that the Japanese had attacked Pearl Harbor. This resulted in the return of the Admiral to his position in the Navy before he boarded that Pearl Harbor ship. In later years, effort was made to establish Kimmel as one of the “last victims of Pearl Harbor”-a motion rejected by at least two U.S. presidents.
Following on from a bombing campaign on Japanese military targets in Iwo Jima, 111 U.S. B-29 Super fortress bombers raid Tokyo for the first time . The soldier to drop the first bomb on Tokyo sent notice to his wife of this event via Associate Press (a Journalist company). The reason why AP was transmitting this notice to his wife is because there were no telephones or telegraphs to use for the time being. Not only that, air mail was expected to take over a week.
Siege of Leningrad
After 872 days of the siege of Leningrad by German forces allowing no food or medical supplies to enter which caused the deaths of hundreds of thousands of Russian lives, The Siege was finally broken when Russian troops broke through the German Lines
Railroads Handed Back
Due to Labor Disputes railroads had been seized by the US government, and operated by government bodies. On this day, labor disputes were settled, and the control of railroads was given back to their original owners. Wage increases promised back in December also have taken effect as well during this time in history.
1943 Previous Year ---- ( Current Year Is 1944 ) ---- Following Year 1945